Lady Françoise van Egmont

2005.13.jpg

Title

Lady Françoise van Egmont

Description

Goltzius was a major Mannerist artist active in Haarlem in the northern Netherlands from 1577-1590. Lady Françoise van Egmont (d. 1586), done in 1580, is one of his many engraved portrait medallions of leading figures. She was the daughter of Count Lamoral Egmont who was beheaded in Brussels in 1568, a victim of the Spanish Terror and a national hero. Here we see Françoise wearing an elaborate court costume with a number of chains around her neck and a high lace collar. She places one bare hand on a skull on the table in front of her and gestures towards it with her other gloved hand. While it may have a pointedly personal meaning for her, this memento mori device was common in sixteenth-century portraiture and was used by Goltzius in another contemporary lady’s portrait as well. In 1580 war between the Protestant Netherlands and the Spanish Hapsburg rulers was raging and would continue for another half century. In 1577 when Goltzius arrived, the Spanish siege and occupation of Haarlem had just ended. This print is set within an oval frame but was printed from a rectangular block. Others of this type have elaborate ornament and iconographic imagery in the spandrels while this one is plain with “Beg” inscribed in the upper righthand corner. Her name, that of the artist, and the publisher are given in the frame in three different scripts: “Damoiselle Franchoyse degmont, H. Goltzius fecit, Harman Adolfz excudit Haerlemensis.”

Creator

Hendrick Goltzius (Dutch, 1558-1617)

Source

Picker Art Gallery, Colgate University, Hamilton, NY

Date

1580

Contributor

Purchase of the Friends of the Visual Arts

Format

7 x 5 3/8 in.

Medium

Engraving

Type

Prints

Identifier

2005.13

Spatial Coverage

Dutch

Temporal Coverage

16th century

Collection

Citation

Hendrick Goltzius (Dutch, 1558-1617), “Lady Françoise van Egmont,” Selected Old Masters from the Picker Art Gallery, accessed April 28, 2017, http://pickeroldmasters.omeka.net/items/show/68.