The Swabian (or Swiss) War
Traut was a painter and draughtsman in Albrecht Dürer’s workshop where he worked along with Hans Baldung Grien. The woodcut of The Swabian (or Swiss) War is one of twelve blocks Traut produced for Dürer’s monumental Triumphal Arch of the Emperor Maximilian I completed in 1515 praising the honor, might, and nobility of the emperor on a suitably grandiose scale some 9 feet square composed of 192 woodblocks, 21 of those being history scenes. The Swabian War of 1499 was the last of the conflicts between the Hapsburgs and the Swiss Confederacy, and was not in fact a victory for the emperor, who commanded his troops personally, as after it he was forced to sign a peace treaty recognizing Swiss independence.
Traut's scene shows imperial troops on the left with Burgundian banners confronting Swiss troops on the right with a banner sporting a cross. There is a fortified city in the background. Our print lacks a long inscription at the top which is part of the original, as shown in the British Museum collection.